Transporting Livestock 101
Following the law that protects animals’ rights, transporting livestock necessitates extra precautions to make sure they are loaded, transported and unloaded in a very humane manner. Of course, the law is not the only existing order that makes sure livestock such as pork, beef, lamb to name a few. The damages and injuries resulting from brutal handling can also decrease the livestock’s value because of declining meat quality, flavour and colour.
Therefore, it is important to know the travelling needs of the animals when it comes to livestock trailer. In addition, learning the transportation safety is essential for people who are in charge of transporting livestock.
Fundamental to transporting livestock is a suitable trailer that meets their travelling needs. A livestock trailer must be large enough to accommodate the number and size of animals to be transported. Law sets proper dimensions and ratios. It should also be well ventilated because highway fumes are potentially poisonous. Another important feature of livestock trailers is the nonslip floors. This is because animals usually panic if they slip. Partitioned areas within the vehicle may also help decrease the risk of injury. This however depends largely on the animals.
A crucial rule in transporting livestock is to know how to handle the type of animal being transported. It is advisable to have an expert along the way. Second, livestock should be loaded gently and silently. This avoids stress and injury because animals who feel threatened and frightened may be potentially dangerous.
Third, keeping an eye on wounded animals is advisable and not turning your back on them is sensible. Injured animals are more difficult to control. Also important to remember is that spaces between animals largely depend on their kind.
Fourth, it is important to remember common attitude and behaviours of the animals. For example, cattle are prone to stampeding; pig males have fierce tusks, and horses kick when feel threatened. Another notable case is that animals like chicken and pigs must travel inside temperature-controlled conditions. For instance, pigs are vulnerable to extreme temperatures, stress, and injury.
Last, and another vital precaution, is for handlers to always stay alert and have an escape route when instances get out of hand.
The first term is called the point of balance. It is the area of navigation around the difficult space when the handler needs to coax an animal to move in a proper direction. Handlers should back away from that area at diverse angles depending on where they want the animal to move. Here, it is advisable to learn the walking patterns to hasten loading and unloading. Another suggested way to move them easily is to begin leading the tamest animal first, which will serve as docile leaders to others.
A further significant consideration is keeping the surrounding environment from tactile distractions. For instance, keeping extraneous noise to minimum keep the animals moving. Noises include engine, flashing lights, and moving objects.
Generally, the fundamental factors to be considered in transporting livestock are the type of species, age of the animal, the climate and weather conditions, and the length of journey.
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